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Man Developed from Cosmic Consciousness Brahman, Not an Evolution of Apes, Part II, by professor Dr. R. Brahmachari

Sacrificer           professor Dr. R. Brahmachari
Sacrifice code       wfor0458
Sacrifice date       October 8, 2007

Man Developed from Cosmic
Consciousness Brahman,
Not an Evolution of Apes-II

Dr. R. Brahmachari*

A few of the evidence gathered by Michael Cremo:

Geologist Dr J D Whitney was a resident of the state of California. In 1880, he discovered some artefacts like spears, bows and arrows, hammers and some other articles in a gold-mine. They were embedded in solid rocks at a depth of several hundred feet. After examining those articles, Dr Whitney came to the conclusion that they were 9 million to 55 million years old. Later on, he disclosed his discovery by writing an article and claimed that at such antiquity, intelligent human beings were living on the earth. Mr W H Holmes was a renowned geologist of California. He was a supporter of Darwin's theory of evolution and a bitter critique of Dr Whitney's discovery. To comment on the matter, he said, "The artefacts discovered by Dr Whitney do not support the scientific theory we have accepted in this regard. So I believe that, it would be better for us, if we reject the entire discovery".

In 1820, a curious article appeared in the American Journal of Science and Arts. Count Bournon, a renowned mineralogist of France reported that his workers, while working in a lime-stone mine in Aix-en-Provence, found some curious articles, like a hammer with the wooden handle, a few metallic coins and some other utensils. The objects were discovered at the depth of eleventh layer from the surface. According to the estimate of Count Bournon, those articles were 24 to 36 million years old.

In 1830, a solid marble block with letter-like peculiar engravings on it was discovered in a quarry near Norristown, Pennsylvania, about 12 miles northwest of Philadelphia. The marble block was raised from a depth of 60-70 feet. The discovery was later on reported in the American Journal of Science and Arts (Vol-19, p-225) in 1831. According to the geologists, the marble block discovered was of Cambro-Ordovician origin and hence 500-600 million years old.

In 1844, Sir David Brewster reported that a nail had been discovered firmly embedded in a block of sandstone raised from the Kingoodie quarry in North Britain. According to Dr A W Medd of the British Geological Survey, the sandstone discovered was of the "Lower Old Red Sandstone age" and hence 360 to 400 million years old.

On 22nd June, 1844, the London Times carried a curious report. While the workers were quarrying at place close to Tweed, near Rutherford mill, a gold chain was discovered embedded in a stone at a depth of 8 feet. According to Dr A W Medd of the British Geological Survey, the said block stone was of Early Carboniferous age and hence 320 to 360 million years old.

A curious report titled "A Relic of a Bygone Age" appeared in the June 5, 1852, edition of the Scientific American. It said, "A few days ago, a powerful blast was made in the rock at Meeting House Hill, in Dorchester, a few rods south of Rev. Mr. Hall's meeting house. The blast threw out an immense mass of rock, some of the pieces weighing several tons, and scattered fragments in all directions. Among them was picked a metallic vessel in two parts, rent asunder by the explosion. On putting the two parts together, it formed a bell-shaped vessel .... On the side there are six figures of a flower, or bouquet beautifully inlaid with pure silver, and around the lower part of the vessel a vine, or wreath, also inlaid with silver. ... This curious and unknown vessel was blown out of the solid pudding stone, fifteen feet below the surface. ... The matter is worthy of investigation, as there is no deception in the case". According to the Geological Survey of USA, the Boston-Durchester area, the pudding stone, now called the Roxbury conglomerate, is of Precambrian age and hence over 600 million years old.

The April 1862 edition of The Geologist carried an English translation of an interesting report by Maximilien Melleville, the vice president of the Academic Society of Laon, France. In that report, Mr Melleville described the discovery of a perfectly round chalk ball from 75 metres or 246 feet below the earth. The ball was certainly a product of human labour and was 45-55 million years old.

In 1871, discovery of several human artefacts, including copper coins, were reported by W E Dubois of the Smithsonian Institute of USA. The first object, the coin, was recovered from Lawn Ridge, in Marshall county, Illinois, from a depth of 114 feet. According to the Geological Survey of the State of Illinois, the deposits were formed about 200,000 to 400,000 years ago. The fact conclusively proves that civilized people, intelligent enough to make and use coins, lived in America more than 200,000 years ago. But according to the Darwinian scientists, metal coins, for the first time, were used in Asia Minor during the eighth century BC.

"A small human image, skilfully formed in clay", was discovered from a depth of 300 feet in 1889 at Nampa, Idaho. According to the US Geological Survey, the object was of Plio-Pleistocene age and hence not less than 2 million years old. The discovery suggests that humans of modern type lived in America around 2 million years ago.

The June 11, 1891, edition of The Morrisonville Times (Illinois) reported a curious find. Mrs S W Culplast was breaking a lump of coal. A small fragment dropped on the ground and fell apart and embedded into it was small spherical thing. After washing, it was found to be a gold chain of about 10 inches long. According to the Illinois State Geological Survey, the coal in which the gold chain was found was 260 to 320 million years old. The discovery was sufficient to prove that, culturally advanced people, capable of making and using gold ornaments, lived in America 320 million years ago.

The April 2, 1897 edition of the Daily News of Omaha, Nebraska, carried an article titled "Carved Stone Buried in a Mine". It described that in the Lehigh coal mine near Webster City, Iowa, while the miners were working at a depth of 130 feet, one of the miners found a piece of carved stone. It was a of dark grey colour and about two feet long, one foot wide and four inches thick. "Over the surface of the stone, which was very hard, lines were drawn at angles forming perfect diamonds. The centre of each diamond was a fairly good face of an old man". The coal in the Lehigh mine was formed in the Carboniferous age of Paleozoic era and hence over 300 million years old.

Mr Frank J Kenwood was working in the Municipal Electric Plant in Thomas, OklaIn. In 1912, he came upon a large chunk of coal which he broke with a sledge hammer. An iron pot fell from the centre of the chunk. Mr Jim Stall, a co-worker of Kenwood witnessed the breaking of the coal and saw the pot fall out. The coal came from Wilburton coal mine and according to Robert O Fay of the Oklahoma Geological Survey, it was 312 million years old.

On October 8, 1892, the New York Sunday American ran a feature titled "Mystery of the Petrified Shoe Sole", written by Dr W H Ballou. A few years ago, Dr Ballou and Mr John T Reid, a mining engineer and geologist were searching for prospecting fossils in Nevada. Mr Reid suddenly stopped and looked down with bewilderment at a rock near his feet. It was a petrified human foot-print, but not of a naked foot but of shoe sole. The fore part, nearly one-third, was missing. The rock was of the Triassic age and hence 213-248 million years old.

W W McCormick was a resident of Texas and his grandfather was working in a coal mine. Mr McCormick has a document recording his grandfather's account of finding a stone block wall, found deep within a coal mine that reads, "In the year 1928, I, Atlas Almon Mathis, was working in coal mine No.5, located two miles north of Heavener, Oklahoma. This was a shaft mine, and they told us it was two miles deep". One evening, Mathis was blasting coal loose by explosives in room 24 of the mine." The next morning ", said Mathis, "there were several concrete blocks lying in the room. These blocks were 12-inch cubes and were so smooth and polished on the outside that all six sides could serve as mirrors". Mathis also said, "As I started to timber the room up, it caved in; and I barely escaped. When I came back after the cave-in, a solid wall of these polished blocks was left exposed. About 100 to 150 yards farther down our air core, another miner struck this same wall, or one very similar". According to the experts, coal in the mine was formed probably Carboniferous age and hence the walls were at least 286 million years old.

Mr M K Jessup was an astronomer. He, in one of his write ups, has recorded the following episode of the following wall-in-coal-mine story. "I is reported that James Parsons, and his two sons, exhumed a slate wall in a coal mine at Hammondville, Ohio, in 1868. It was a large smooth wall, disclosed when a great mass of coal fell away from it, and on its surface, carved in bold relief, was several lines of hieroglyph.

William J Meister, a draftsman and an amateur trilobite collector, reported in 1968, of finding a shoe print in the Wheeler Shale near Antelope Springs, Utah. The shoe-like indentation and its cast were revealed when Meister split open a block of shale. The shale holding the print was estimated to be of the Cambrian age and hence 505 to 590 million years old.

Over the past several decades, South African miners have found hundreds of metallic spheres with three parallel grooves running around their equators. "The spheres are a complete mystery. They look man-made, yet at the time in Earth's history when they came to rest in this rock, no intelligent life existed", says Mr Roelf Marx, the curator of the museum of Klerksdrop, South Africa, where some of the spheres are housed. The spheres were found embedded in pyrophyllite, which is mined near the little town of Ottosdal in the Western Transvaal. According to experts, this pyrophyllite is a quite soft secondary mineral formed by sedimentation about 2.8 billion years ago.


From the above developments it is not difficult to understand that, time has arrived for the Western scholars to accept our Puranas as historical texts and not mythologies. It will not be irrelevant to recall the comments of a few renowned Western scholars regarding our historical texts. Famous German scholar Max Müller, in his History of Sanskrit Literature, wrote, "No wonder that a nation like India cared so little about history". Another Western scholar M. Winternitz, in his History of Indian Literature, wrote, "History is one weak spot in Indian literature. It is, in fact, non existent. The total lack of historical sense is so characteristic that the whole course of Sanskrit literature is darkened by the defect". Another Western scholar, Major Wilford, once said, "With regard to history, the Hindus have done really nothing but romances from which some truth may occasionally be extracted". Now the time has come for these scholars to swallow the bitter pill.


Department of Applied Physics,
University of Calcutta,
Edited: October 8, 2007.


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