Critical Podium Dewanand Hinduism
Waiting for (Kali) Yugàbda 52 (Starting 5200
Years ago) By Chandrashekhar P. Bhishikar
Sacrificer Chandrashekhar P. Bhishikar
Sacrifice code wfor0349
Sacrifice date 25 march 2009
Waiting for (Kali) Yugàbda 52 (Starting 5200 Years ago)
By Chandrashekhar P. Bhishikar
Here is an article for VAIDIAK BANDHU to consider. Attached file is better
specially with TimesIndic font.
Waiting for (Kali) Yugàbda 52 (Starting 5200 Years ago)
By Chandrashekhar P. Bhishikar ORGANISER, Vol. L, No. 34, MARCH 21, 1999
Even as the year 1998 was coming to an end everyone, young and old, was
time and again, conscious that soon the year 2000 will be out and the
world will arrive on the threshold of the 21st century. Of course all
these calculations refer to the Gregorian calendar, that is, an almanac
beginning after the death of Jesus Christ, which is currently accepted
over the world and India too is used to use the same. Among the several
other horologues the two which are mainly followed in Bhàrata (India)
the Vikram Samvat and the Úàlivàhan Úaka.
All the day to day transactions
however depend upon the "Christian" almanac.
To count Kali Yuga, add 3101 years to Christian calander. After Chaitra
Úukla Pratipadà add 3102.
Actually ours is a fairly ancient nation with a highly advanced
civilization. A number of sciences evolved in this land. Surely the
Bhàratïya mind must be inquisitive and wanting to know how
of a bygone era measured time and where precisely we stand today according
to their system of horology. Eyebrows are raised when anyone observes
we are about to enter the 52nd century. Most people are like to be
mystified by this 52nd century.
Beginning of the Age of Kali
One therefore needs to clarify that the coming of 52nd century belongs
the current Age of Kali. All Bhàratïya (Indians) are aware
that we are
living in the Age of Kali, because the significance of this age is hardly
missed by anybody, thanks to them mythical stories from the Puràåas,
religious recitations and discourses and the writings of the Santa. On
receiving news of an untoward event, even an otherwise ignorant matron
reacts with an observation to the effect that it is the Age of Kali. Let
us leave aside the talk of evil tendencies attributed to Kali Yuga (Age);
it is a historical fact based on science that as per the Hindu horology
this is the Age of Kali and we are living in its 51st century.
It means the Age of Kali began 5100 years ago when Dvàpara Yuga
came to a close. As a further elaboration we might say that after the
between the Kauravas and the Pàndavas, involving the entire nation
Dvàpara, came to an end and Kali Yuga started. Since Yudhishthira
the reigning emperor Kali Yuga is also identified as Yudhishthira Úaka.
But a likely doubt is about the basis on which the division into the ages
has been conceived. Dvàpara Yuga, had followed the Treta Yuga which
preceded by the Yuga of Truth. Let us acquaint ourselves with this concept
The VAIDIKA (follower of VedàHindu) concept of
As a matter of fact Time has no beginning, no end. Yugas, centuries,
are its units or periods, apportioned for our convenience depending upon
planets, constellations, change in Nature, human peculiarities, etc. When
we talk of the end of the 51st century of the Yuga of Kali, how may more
years remain before this Yuga comes to end? This is an obvious expectancy.
Kali Yuga has a span of 4,32,000 years. So, let anyone calculate how many
more to follow.
An interesting aspect is that as we go back from Kali Yuga
to the other Tretà Yugas, and Sata Yuga the span of these Yugas
double, triple even quadruple. The Dvàpara Yuga had 8,64,000 years;
Yuga ran for 12,96,000 while the Sata (Truth) Yuga lasted 17,28,000 years.
When all the four Yugas are past it is said to be Mahàyuga (the
end of a
Yuga). So one can now calculate how many years it takes to make a
Mahàyuga. By the way we may as well keep on record that the current
of Kali started on February 18, 3102 B.C. when all the planets were in
same house. And it was Chaitra Úukla Pratipadà. Bhagavàna
Káéåa left Mátyu
Loka (Earth) on this day at Prabhàéa Pàæaåa
near Somanàtha, Gujaràta.
But to get a clear idea of Bhàratïya horology the measures
of Yuga and
Mahà would not suffice. There is a common expression Manvantara,
means change of Manu which again is a bigger measure of Time. The basis
for this unit is that with every Manu the universe passes through the
three stages, namely, creation, reservation and destruction. And then
cycle of universe starts afresh. As calculated by the seers of yore a
has 32,25,80,000 human years. Thus the time taken by the solar system
complete its single revolution is equal to one Manu. In all there are
Manus, the current, called Vaivasvata is the seventh. In the same way
seers have also calculated the period of a kalpa, which come to 432 crore
years. The Vedic seers explain this measurement of time in the Atharva
Veda. The measure of the Brahmà's (Creator's) day and night are
bigger. The Creator's life span is a 100 years. These figures are
literally mind-boggling. How many human years will make the creator's
- year life span? It is 31,10,40,00,00,00,000 years.
I explain all the calculations to impress upon you the fantastic range
our hoary ancestors who could take into account the minutest unit of Time
and also conceive of astronomically huge units also. We are conversant
with the hours, minutes and seconds. Ancient Bhàratïya have
the minutest unit of time which they called Truti which is 1/33,750 of
second. What imagination - to traverse from Truti to Mahàkalpa.
Nomenclature of days
The days of the week also deserve to be studied. From Ravivàsare
to Úanivàsare (Saturday) the sequence of the seven days
is fixed. What is
the basis for this sequence? The reason is that only seven of the planets
and satellites of the solar system affect the Earth's atmosphere, and
their names are added to the seven days of the week. Assuming the Earth
the focal point they ascertained the sequence of the planets and
accordingly named the days. The name of the first planet of the day was
assigned to the day. It is a matter of pride that the order of the week's
days as decided by the Bhàratïya seers is accepted all over
Suffice it to say that the names of the months too have been decided
according to the position of the sun, the moon and the constellations.
Having correctly appreciated the measurement of time, briefly described
above, it would be useful to ascertain where exactly we stand today in
ageless stream of Time. This is the seventh, that is the Vaivasvata Manu.
Out of the latter's 28 Super Yugas the current one is the Yuga of Kali.
mentioned earlier 51 centuries of this Yuga about to be completed and
shortly we enter the 52nd century. All this is included in the pledge
announce in our religious rituals. The pledge recited at special religious
occasions begins as follows :
(At present we are passing to the Úvetavaraha kalpa, that is,
day of the Creator's second parardha. Twenty-seven Super Yugas of this
Manu have elapsed and of the Yuga of Kali belonging to the 28th Super
5099 years have elapsed.) It should be noted here that in their
measurement of time Bhàratïya have accepted one more convenient
called Samvatsara which is equal to 60 years. In Samvatsara cycle of the
Yuga of Kali right now we are in the 85th samvatsara. Correspondingly
according to the Gregorian calendar it began in 1939 and will end in 1999.
Observe the system in practice
This endeavour to point out in brief, some of the salient features the
Hindus system of measuring time was to bring to everybody's notice what
tremendous leap the erudite seers could take, how high they could soar
right from Santa Kanada followed by Brahmagupta and Àryabhaææa.
It is also
hoped that readers may be encouraged to observe to some extent this sytem
in practice. We should at least get used to mentioning the Yugabda in
correspondence, diaries, etc. It is the world's oldest system of measuring
time, which covers the entire universe. We have every right to take pride
in it and express the same in our dealings.
There is another purpose. Bhàrata's true history and its antiquity
deliberately ignored and consigned to oblivion by the alien rulers. It
necessary that the false historical accounts, that the Britishers made
English-'educated' swallow is exposed to the citizen of Independent
Bhàrata. It is essential that we undertake to rewrite history as
happend. The Akhil Bhàratiya Itihas Samkalan Yojanà and
State Committees are for their part trying to bring to light the means
with which the history of the 5100 years of the Yuga of Kali can be
correctly compiled and offered for study.
Welcome with fervour
To make the advent of Yugàbda 52 a worthwhile event, it is necessary
people on a wider scale are made aware that not only Bhàrata, but
whole world is entering the 52nd century of the Yuga of Kali. Let the
Gregorian/Christian era enter its 21st century; we Bhàratïya
however welcome the 52nd century with great gusto. With this in view we
must accelerate our publicity and propaganda. In order to acquaint the
people with the Yuga of Kali we undertake a planned effort to make use
all the media - newspapers, television, booklets, public meetings,
conferences, gatherings and the like. Lectures by experts and other
knowledgeable people should be arranged wherever possible, One expects
that Bhàratïya would enthusiastically come forward on Thursday,
1999 (Varsha Pratipadà) to proclaim the advent of the New Vaidika
in every town and village through rallies and processions, ringing of
bells and other means of drawing public attention. Prior to the big day
can have various competitions for students and citizens - both men and
women, relating to the event. It should prove useful to build up the right
atmosphere if we could obtain the blessings from the wise and learned
arranging their felicitations well in advance. The practice of sending
Year greeting cards on the occasion of the Christian new year has become
quite common. It should nurture the spirit of nationalism if the people,
specially the student community underlook on a large scale the exchange
greeting cards on the occasion. Let us all strive to the utmost that this
important stage in the Vaidika measurement of time is recognized at the
levels with great feeling and enthusiasm.
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